Soberania National Park is located within Colon Province and Panama Province, and covers approximately 55,000 acres. It is about 40 minutes from Colon, and 20 minutes from Panama City. The Charges River flows across the national park at the town of Gamboa.
The park contains well known sites of historical and biological importance, including the Pipeline road (Camino del Oleoducto), and Camino de Cruces. The Pipeline road is particularly known for the diversity of bird species, and held the record for the most identified bird species in one day for nineteen consecutive years. The most common mammals to the area include howler monkeys, white faced monkeys, anteaters, harpy eagles, agouti (a large rodent), collared peccary, jaguarundi (a medium sized wild cat), cayman and white tailed deer.